Item #5000504 An Act for the effectual Transportation of Felons and other Offenders…. TRANSPORTATION, PARLIAMENT OF GREAT BRITAIN.

An Act for the effectual Transportation of Felons and other Offenders…

London: 1784.

Folio, pp. [906]-919 pp. including armorial title, fine in an elegant binding of crushed red morocco gilt.

Foundation: the Act to establish a penal colony in New South Wales

The foundation document for the settlement of Australia: the Act of Parliament that allowed the establishment of a penal colony in New South Wales upon the recommendation of Lord Sydney.

The foundation document for the settlement of Australia: the Act of Parliament that allowed the establishment of a penal colony in New South Wales upon the recommendation of Lord Sydney.

Ferguson highlights the significance of this Act as allowing the effective removal of prisoners 'beyond the seas'; although New South Wales is not specified in the document, it was upon the authority of this specific Act, which remained in force until June 1787, that the First Fleet departed for Botany Bay, and Ferguson therefore includes it as just the third item in his Bibliography of Australia.

Lord Sydney's role in the selection of Botany Bay was considerable, given the loss of the American colonies and abortive attempts to found penal settlements in Africa. He drew heavily upon the testimonies offered by the seaman James Matra (or Magra) as well as Sir Joseph Banks, both of whom sailed with Captain Cook and had thus participated in the discovery of the east coast of Australia. With political pressure mounting, and the Thames hulks dangerously overfull, the Pitt government followed Sydney's lead in selecting Botany Bay as the best option. Although no minutes of this historic decision have survived there can be little doubt that the cabinet resolution was based upon Sydney's recommendation.

Ferguson, 3.

Price (AUD): $5,500.00

US$3,545.68   Other currencies

Ref: #5000504