A Chart of the South-East Part of Newfoundland…
A Chart of the South-East Part of Newfoundland, Containing The Bays of Placentia, St Mary's, Trepassey and Conception. From Actual Surveys.

London: Printed for R. Sayer & I. Bennet at No. 53 in Fleet Street, "10 May 1770" but issued 1775.

Double page engraved chart, 518 x 716 mm.

Gilbert and Lane completing Cook's Newfoundland Survey

A splendid map from Cook and Lane's Newfoundland Survey. Prepared in 1770, and carrying that printing date in its caption, it was eventually included in The North-American Pilot of 1775. Recently the Newfoundland charts were used in the BBC series on Cook hosted by Vanessa Collingridge in which the Newfoundland survey work was overlaid with satellite photographs to demonstrate its fundamental accuracy. The surveys established Cook's reputation as a pre-eminent naval hydrographer and ultimately led to his being appointed to the command of the Endeavour. The need for a Newfoundland survey had arisen at the end of the Seven Years War, when the English asserted their fishing rights in the region. French fisherman were to be allowed limited concessions for catching and curing cod from these rich waters, but to enforce the terms of the Paris treaty of 1763 new and accurate charts were needed. Cook was selected as master of the Greville in 1764, and the Newfoundland surveys occupied the next three years.

A splendid map from Cook and Lane's Newfoundland Survey. Prepared in 1770, and carrying that printing date in its caption, it was eventually included in The North-American Pilot of 1775. Recently the Newfoundland charts were used in the BBC series on Cook hosted by Vanessa Collingridge in which the Newfoundland survey work was overlaid with satellite photographs to demonstrate its fundamental accuracy. The surveys established Cook's reputation as a pre-eminent naval hydrographer and ultimately led to his being appointed to the command of the Endeavour. The need for a Newfoundland survey had arisen at the end of the Seven Years War, when the English asserted their fishing rights in the region. French fisherman were to be allowed limited concessions for catching and curing cod from these rich waters, but to enforce the terms of the Paris treaty of 1763 new and accurate charts were needed. Cook was selected as master of the Greville in 1764, and the Newfoundland surveys occupied the next three years.

"Cook started by surveying the northwest stretch of coastline in 1763 and 1764, then in 1765 and 1766 the south coast between Cape Ray and the Burin Peninsula, and in 1767 the west coast. His work was interrupted by what was to prove to be the first of his three great voyages to the Pacific, and the work on Newfoundland and southern Labrador was continued by Joseph Gilbert between 1767 and 1769 and Michael Lane between 1768 and 1773... The charting of Newfoundland and southern Labrador by Cook, in the years 1763-67, and by his successor Michael Lane, in 1768-73, was unequalled, for thoroughness and method, by any previous hydrographic work by Englishmen; and it produced the first charts of this extensive and difficult coastline that could (in the words of a later hydrographer) 'with any degree of safety be trusted by the seaman'..." (Skelton & Tooley). Gilbert, master of HMS Guernsey, surveyed the coast of Labrador between St. Peter's Bay and Cape Bluff in 1767 and the following year charted the coast of southeast Newfoundland between the Bay of Placentia and Conception Bay, which survey was the basis for this chart, with additions from Lane's surveys of the area between 1772-73. Gilbert would later serve as master of the Resolution on Cook's second voyage.

Cook's charts were first published in 1769, under the title "A Collection Of Charts", but containing only ten maps; in 1769-1770 they were republished with additions by Jefferys as part of the first appearance of The North-American Pilot, very rare today. The maps were also available separately over the following years. This is an example of the second state of the map, with Sayer and Bennett's 1770 imprint, but identified by the number "III" in the top margin and a note of the magnetic variation for 1773, prepared for the 1775 issue of the Pilot.

Phillips, Geographical Atlases, 1209 (number 3); Tooley & Skelton, The Mapping of America, p.177;

Price (AUD): $3,250.00  other currencies     Ref: #4504754

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