Indenture recording the transfer of land from Samuel Wheeler to Patrick Campbell. Samuel WHEELER, Patrick CAMPBELL.
Indenture recording the transfer of land from Samuel Wheeler to Patrick Campbell

Indenture recording the transfer of land from Samuel Wheeler to Patrick Campbellā€¦
Indenture recording the transfer of land from Samuel Wheeler to Patrick Campbell

Sydney: 12th December, 1794.

Folio, manuscript single leaf bifolium, 315 x 200 mm.

First Fleet convict and Parramatta master brickmaker

A fine early Sydney document recording the lease of 30 acres of land in the Field of Mars (Ryde) from Samuel Wheeler, First Fleet convict and brickmaker, to Patrick Campbell, Master of the vessel Surprize (the same vessel which had sailed on the notorious Second Fleet), then 'riding in Sydney Cove'. The transfer is signed by Campbell and has Wheeler's mark, and is witnessed by John Macarthur as regimental paymaster and inspector of public works. As well, the indenture bears the signatures of the surgeon and magistrate John Harris, and the commissary William Broughton, who had been naval surgeon John White's servant on the First Fleet.

A fine early Sydney document recording the lease of 30 acres of land in the Field of Mars (Ryde) from Samuel Wheeler, First Fleet convict and brickmaker, to Patrick Campbell, Master of the vessel Surprize (the same vessel which had sailed on the notorious Second Fleet), then 'riding in Sydney Cove'. The transfer is signed by Campbell and has Wheeler's mark, and is witnessed by John Macarthur as regimental paymaster and inspector of public works. As well, the indenture bears the signatures of the surgeon and magistrate John Harris, and the commissary William Broughton, who had been naval surgeon John White's servant on the First Fleet.
At Port Jackson Samuel Wheeler had been put in charge of the brickfields as master brickmaker. In June 1790 Watkin Tench recorded that 'Wheeler (one of the master brick-makers) with two tile stools and one brick stool, was tasked to make and burn ready for use 30,000 tiles and bricks per month [rising to 40,000 later that year]; he had 21 hands to assist him, who performed every thing; cut wood, dug clay &c... He says that the bricks are such as would be called in England moderately good; and he judges they would have fetched about 24s. per thousand, at Kingston-upon-Thames, (where he resided) in the year 1784: their greatest fault is being too brittle.' [A Complete Account of the Settlement at Port Jackson, 1793, p. 4]. In order to speed construction, in September 1790 a brick and tile yard was established in Parramatta. The brickyard was overseen by Wheeler as master brickmaker, but operated by James Becket, a convict who had been an experienced brickmaker. However, Wheeler had a return stint as a convict, and was sent to Norfolk Island, where he was employed as an overseer. He returned to Port Jackson in March 1793 and was granted the 30 acres in the Field of Mars just over a year later.
Less is known of Patrick Campbell, the Master of the Surprize. The journey out was eventful. Not only had the Surprize embarked four of the five men who became known as the Scottish Martyrs, she was the subject of an attempted mutiny quashed by Campbell in Rio de Janeiro. It is recorded that by 1799 he became the owner of Wheeler's grant, departing for Bengal on the Surprize five days after this lease was signed.
A remarkable document, with a who's who of colonial signatures.

Price (AUD): $8,250.00  other currencies     Ref: #4504559