Certificate of Freedom [granted to] William Smallridge, 1st September, 1842. No. 42/1524…. CERTIFICATE OF FREEDOM.
Certificate of Freedom [granted to] William Smallridge, 1st September, 1842. No. 42/1524…

Certificate of Freedom [granted to] William Smallridge, 1st September, 1842. No. 42/1524…
Certificate of Freedom [granted to] William Smallridge, 1st September, 1842. No. 42/1524…

1st September 1842.

Single leaf; 180 mm x 170 mm; printed and completed in manuscript.

A transported shoemaker earns his freedom

A certificate of freedom issued to William Smallridge in 1842, on completion of his fourteen year sentence. Smallridge was one of 200 convicts who had been transported on the Marquis of Huntley in 1826, the last convict transport ship, the Eden arriving in 1840. Signed by John McLean, who remained as Principal Superintendent of Convicts until the end of transportation to New South Wales in 1850, the Certificate of Freedom was a government issued document which restored "all the rights and privileges of free subjects" to seek employment or leave the colony.

A certificate of freedom issued to William Smallridge in 1842, on completion of his fourteen year sentence. Smallridge was one of 200 convicts who had been transported on the Marquis of Huntley in 1826, the last convict transport ship, the Eden arriving in 1840. Signed by John McLean, who remained as Principal Superintendent of Convicts until the end of transportation to New South Wales in 1850, the Certificate of Freedom was a government issued document which restored "all the rights and privileges of free subjects" to seek employment or leave the colony.
Certificates of Freedom were introduced in 1810 and were generally granted to convicts who had served their 7, 10, or 14-year sentence, upon application to the Governor. Convicts who had received a life sentence could receive a pardon but not a Certificate of Freedom. The Certificates were issued in two parts, the butt remaining with the Government records the ex-convict required to carry the remaining section at all times.
A fine example issued in the tenure of Sir George Gipps.

Price (AUD): $885.00  other currencies     Ref: #4504558