A Map of all those Parts of the Territory of New South Wales which have been seen by any Person belonging to the Settlement established at Port Jackson, in the said Territory. William DAWES.

A Map of all those Parts of the Territory of New South Wales...
A Map of all those Parts of the Territory of New South Wales which have been seen by any Person belonging to the Settlement established at Port Jackson, in the said Territory.

London: John Stockdale, 1792.

Engraved chart measuring 415 x 548 mm.

First exploration of the Sydney basin

Important early map of the colony showing both coastal surveys and the extent of inland exploration attempted during the first three years of settlement. William Dawes is remembered as one of the most talented and humane officers of the First Fleet. A professional officer of the Royal Marines, Dawes volunteered for service in New South Wales, a decision in part motivated by a keen interest in the astronomy of the southern skies. He had already distinguished himself as an observer and astronomer, and came to New South Wales on the recommendation of the Astronomer Royal Nevil Maskelyne, charged with observation of a comet expected to arrive in 1788.

Important early map of the colony showing both coastal surveys and the extent of inland exploration attempted during the first three years of settlement. William Dawes is remembered as one of the most talented and humane officers of the First Fleet. A professional officer of the Royal Marines, Dawes volunteered for service in New South Wales, a decision in part motivated by a keen interest in the astronomy of the southern skies. He had already distinguished himself as an observer and astronomer, and came to New South Wales on the recommendation of the Astronomer Royal Nevil Maskelyne, charged with observation of a comet expected to arrive in 1788.
Ultimately, Dawes career in New South Wales was cut short by a conflict with Governor Arthur Phillip who ordered a violent reprisal against Aborigines who had wounded a convict serving as his gamekeeper. Dawes was an unwilling participant in the sad affair, and was critical of Phillip so that continued service in the colony became unworkable. Dawes later served as Governor of Sierra Leone and worked tirelessly against slavery in the region.
Dawes was active as an engineer, surveyor, and explorer. Much of his ambition is reflected in this map, marked with the course of the Hawkesbury-Nepean river system, the extent of the Cumberland plain, and mountains to the interior. Interestingly, this map is marked with the projected routes of several journeys intended for 1791, not all of which eventuated.
The map bears an engraved dedication from Dawes to Captain Twiss of the Royal Engineers dated March 1791, although it was not engraved and printed in London until September of the following year. It was included in John Hunter's Historical Journal of the Transactions at Port Jackson, published by John Stockdale in 1793.

Clancy, 'Mapping of Terra Australis', p.143; Ferguson, 152; Perry & Prescott, 'A Guide to Maps of Australia 1780-1830', 1792.04; Tooley 'Mapping of Australia', p.237.

Price (AUD): $2,450.00  other currencies     Ref: #4307537

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