"Resultate aus Astronomischen und Magnetischen Beobachtungen auf einer Fünfmonatlichen Reise von St. Petersburg über Sibirien und die Mongolei nach Peking in den Jahren 1867 und 1868" [in] Meteorologicheskii Sbornik [Russian series title]: Repertorium für Meteorologie Heraugeben von der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. MONGOLIA, Hermann FRITSCHE.
"Resultate aus Astronomischen und Magnetischen Beobachtungen auf einer Fünfmonatlichen Reise von St. Petersburg über Sibirien und die Mongolei nach Peking in den Jahren 1867 und 1868" [in] Meteorologicheskii Sbornik [Russian series title]: Repertorium für Meteorologie Heraugeben von der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften.
"Resultate aus Astronomischen und Magnetischen Beobachtungen auf einer Fünfmonatlichen Reise von St. Petersburg über Sibirien und die Mongolei nach Peking in den Jahren 1867 und 1868" [in] Meteorologicheskii Sbornik [Russian series title]: Repertorium für Meteorologie Heraugeben von der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften.

"Resultate aus Astronomischen und Magnetischen…
"Resultate aus Astronomischen und Magnetischen Beobachtungen auf einer Fünfmonatlichen Reise von St. Petersburg über Sibirien und die Mongolei nach Peking in den Jahren 1867 und 1868" [in] Meteorologicheskii Sbornik [Russian series title]: Repertorium für Meteorologie Heraugeben von der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften.

Saint Petersburg: Imperial Academy of Sciences, 1870.

Large quarto, with a single chromolithographic plate of cloud formations, four engraved plates of scientific instruments, three large folding tables and set of blank meteorological observation slips bound in (comprising 16 smaller leaves); in contemporary decorated full green calf, moiré endpapers, all edges gilt.

Overland from Saint Petersburg to Peking

Rare Russian printing of an overland journey from Saint Petersburg to Peking.

Rare Russian printing of an overland journey from Saint Petersburg to Peking.

Russia maintained a meteorological service in China since 1841, as part of the Russian Orthodox Mission based in Peking. In 1849 the service was expanded and moved to the grounds of the Russian Embassy, although the recording of scientific data remained intermittent for many years. In 1867 the service came under the supervision of the Academy of Science in St. Petersburg, who dispatched Dr. Hermann Fritsche to Peking as the new director. Fritsche (1839-1913) travelled extensively in the first years of his appointment, and the article offered here records his journey from St. Petersburg to Peking, traversing the vast steppe country of northern China and Mongolia in the process. The article documents his work in determining geographical, astronomical and magnetic points en route (including observations of Kyakhta, Urga and Kalgan).

Fritsche remained in Peking for the next 16 years, during which time he travelled extensively and established observation stations in provincial China. In 1877 he published in Shanghai The Climate of Eastern Asia, the first substantial thesis on the subject. Aside from his efforts in establishing scientific meteorology in China, Fritsche's travels assisted in the accurate mapping of northern China and eastern Mongolia.

Fritsche's article was included in the first issue of the meteorological journal Meteorologicheskii Sbornik, here offered in its entirety with the full complement of blank folding tables and paper slips for recording data in the field. Meteorologicheskii Sbornik was published under the direction of the Swiss physicist Heinrich von Wild (1833-1902) who assumed directorship of the General Physical Observatory in Saint Petersburg in 1868. Under Wild's supervision a modern meteorological system was introduced throughout the Russian Empire and beyond. Indeed, the improvement of the Peking station and Fritsche's appointment reflect Wild's aspiration for a continental approach to data collection. Printed in both in Russian and German, Meteorologicheskii Sbornik was published by the Imperial Academy of Sciences at Saint Petersburg between 1870-1894 and totals 23 volumes.

On the Russian observatory at Peking see MacKeown Early China Coast Meteorology (Hong Kong University Press 2011).

Price (AUD): $1,850.00  other currencies     Ref: #4211268

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