An Act to amend an Act…for the Transportation of Offenders from Great Britain; and for punishing Offences committed by Transports kept to labour in the Colonies. (Cap. XXXIX). PARLIAMENT OF GREAT BRITAIN.

An Act to amend an Act…for the Transportation of Offenders from Great Britain…
An Act to amend an Act…for the Transportation of Offenders from Great Britain; and for punishing Offences committed by Transports kept to labour in the Colonies. (Cap. XXXIX).

London: George Eyre and Andrew Strahan, 1830.

Folio, pp. [385]-390, armorial letterhead, fine.

This Act contains a variety of new laws relating to the Australian colonies, with special reference to the ongoing problem of liquor smuggling in convict establishments.

This Act contains a variety of new laws relating to the Australian colonies, with special reference to the ongoing problem of liquor smuggling in convict establishments.

The sixth clause of the act expressly forbid the provision of liquor and fermented products of any description to felons convicted of transportation. It is clearly aimed at those found guilty of smuggling liquor to convict establishments and places of confinement. The trade in sly grog had been lucrative from the earliest days of the colony, and in the lead up to the so called 'Rum Rebellion' under Governor Bligh officers of the New South Wales Corps were implicated in the trade.

This act tightens up existing prohibitions, and stipulates that those suspected of provisioning liquor to convicts can be detained in custody for up to three months unless able to pay an immediate surety of between 10 and 20 pounds.

Other clauses empower the Governor of New South Wales to transfer convicts ambiguously charged with 'disorderly conduct' to other colonies (namely Van Diemen's Land). Presumably this was enacted to break up groups suspected of sedition and troublemaking. Likewise, the Act allows the Governor to take felons intended for other destinations 'if he shall deem it expedient' and also clarifies legal confusions arising from the delivery of convicts to the wrong location by transportation contractors.

Ferguson, 1361.

Price (AUD): $475.00

US$339.55   Other currencies

Ref: #4107394