England's Exiles; or, a View of a System of Instruction and Discipline, as carried into effect during the voyage to the Penal Colonies of Australia. Colin Arrott BROWNING.
England's Exiles; or, a View of a System of Instruction and Discipline, as carried into effect during the voyage to the Penal Colonies of Australia.

England's Exiles; or, a View of a System of Instruction and Discipline...
England's Exiles; or, a View of a System of Instruction and Discipline, as carried into effect during the voyage to the Penal Colonies of Australia.

London: Darton and Clark, 1842.

Small octavo, 238 pp., original printer's green cloth.

The health of convicts on convict transports

Important book by Browning building on his experience as a Surgeon on board convict transports, most notably the Elphinstone which arrived in Hobart in 1836. Browning could not be accused of lacking piety, but the present work does provide a well-considered and argued account of overdue reforms to the practice of transportation, and was published in time to be of some impact on the last twenty years or so of ships being sent to Australia. Throughout there are glimpses of life on board based on his own experiences. An appendix deals with preventative medicine: hygiene, clothing, diet, exercise.

Important book by Browning building on his experience as a Surgeon on board convict transports, most notably the Elphinstone which arrived in Hobart in 1836. Browning could not be accused of lacking piety, but the present work does provide a well-considered and argued account of overdue reforms to the practice of transportation, and was published in time to be of some impact on the last twenty years or so of ships being sent to Australia. Throughout there are glimpses of life on board based on his own experiences. An appendix deals with preventative medicine: hygiene, clothing, diet, exercise.

Colin Arrott Browning (1791-1856) was appointed an assistant surgeon in the navy in 1813, and surgeon less than four years later. Well educated - he took his degree from Edinburgh University Medical College in 1825 - he first visited Australia in the convict ship Surry (arrived Sydney, 1831) and later served in a similar capacity in the Arab (Hobart, 1834), Elphinstone (Hobart, 1836), Margaret (Sydney, 1840), Tortoise (Hobart, 1842), Earl Grey (Hobart, 1843), Mount Stewart Elphinstone (Hobart, 1845) and Hashemy (Sydney, 1849). 'A kindly and religious man but restricted and narrow in outlook, [he] protested against sick prisoners being embarked and complained of the quantity and quality of the medicines and medical comforts placed in convict ships. He was attentive in the medical care of the prisoners and sought to further their education' (ADB).

It was in this work that Browning really explained the nature of the reforms he was proposing, with a view to future surgeon-superintendents having a much more coherent and sensible plan to follow, rather than the very modest instructions with which he had been favoured. In his preface Browning does suggest that he has seen evidence that some reforms of the nature explained here had recently been adopted in some ships conveying female convicts.

Price (AUD): $725.00  other currencies Ref: #4106378

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