Ten lithographs views from the series "Fifteen Views of Australia in 1845 by G.K.E.F" together with a lithograph of King George's Sound Western Australia
Ten lithographs views from the series "Fifteen Views of Australia in 1845 by G.K.E.F" together with a lithograph of King George's Sound Western Australia
Ten lithographs views from the series "Fifteen Views of Australia in 1845 by G.K.E.F" together with a lithograph of King George's Sound Western Australia
Ten lithographs views from the series "Fifteen Views of Australia in 1845 by G.K.E.F" together with a lithograph of King George's Sound Western Australia
Ten lithographs views from the series "Fifteen Views of Australia in 1845 by G.K.E.F" together with a lithograph of King George's Sound Western Australia
Ten lithographs views from the series "Fifteen Views of Australia in 1845 by G.K.E.F" together with a lithograph of King George's Sound Western Australia
Ten lithographs views from the series "Fifteen Views of Australia in 1845 by G.K.E.F" together with a lithograph of King George's Sound Western Australia
Ten lithographs views from the series "Fifteen Views of Australia in 1845 by G.K.E.F" together with a lithograph of King George's Sound Western Australia
Ten lithographs views from the series "Fifteen Views of Australia in 1845 by G.K.E.F" together with a lithograph of King George's Sound Western Australia
Ten lithographs views from the series "Fifteen Views of Australia in 1845 by G.K.E.F" together with a lithograph of King George's Sound Western Australia

Views of Australia…
Ten lithographs views from the series "Fifteen Views of Australia in 1845 by G.K.E.F" together with a lithograph of King George's Sound Western Australia

London: undated but all circa 1853.

Eleven black and white lithographs: numbers 1-5 and 7-9 approx 255 x 330 mm (matted size) and 2 approx 280 x 375 mm (conforming to those prepared for "Fifteen views of Australia in 1845 by G.K.E.F.") and one view approx 250 x 325 mm titled 'King George's Sound W. Australia, Printed by R. Appel's Anastatic Press'; unbound, housed in a blue cloth solander case.

The settlement of Brisbane and the Darling Downs; rare pictorial records.

George Fairholme (1822-1889), artist, explorer and squatter arrived in Sydney from Scotland in 1839 and with young Scottish friends began the long and pioneering trek into Queensland. He settled at South Toolburra on the Darling Downs staying until 1852. This was the very beginning of white settlement at Brisbane and the Darling Downs and this young squatter is remembered as "a very intelligent gentlemanly man, the most intelligent of any of the squatters" (Henry Stoubart). The eleven lithographs offered include a view of Brisbane showing the first houses to be built. Privately printed by the artist on his return to Europe, as Fifteen views of Australia in 1845 by G.K.E.F., these views were intended for family and friends and are exceptionally rare. The only known complete work is held in family papers at the Mitchell Library, State Library of New South Wales. The set offered here corresponds to the holdings in the National Library of Australia for ten of the prints but includes an eleventh, "King Georges Sound W. Australia"; this lithograph may date from Fairholme's voyage to Australia in 1838.

George Fairholme (1822-1889), artist, explorer and squatter arrived in Sydney from Scotland in 1839 and with young Scottish friends began the long and pioneering trek into Queensland. He settled at South Toolburra on the Darling Downs staying until 1852. This was the very beginning of white settlement at Brisbane and the Darling Downs and this young squatter is remembered as "a very intelligent gentlemanly man, the most intelligent of any of the squatters" (Henry Stoubart). The eleven lithographs offered include a view of Brisbane showing the first houses to be built. Privately printed by the artist on his return to Europe, as Fifteen views of Australia in 1845 by G.K.E.F., these views were intended for family and friends and are exceptionally rare. The only known complete work is held in family papers at the Mitchell Library, State Library of New South Wales. The set offered here corresponds to the holdings in the National Library of Australia for ten of the prints but includes an eleventh, "King Georges Sound W. Australia"; this lithograph may date from Fairholme's voyage to Australia in 1838.

Fairholme sketched daily life in Australia. He had been well educated before arriving to start life on the land and whilst at Rugby School had learned to draw under the English artist Edward Pretty. The 1840s and 50s "were the golden age of horsemanship in Brisbane... and these drawings show the Leslies and the Leith-Hays at Canning Downs and South Toolburra as they brand their calves in the stockade and load the wool-packs onto drays to bring the wool clip down to Brisbane Town" (Susanna Evans Historic Brisbane, p.26). In 1852, Fairholme together with Arthur Hodgson as leaders of the Committee of the Moreton Bay and Northern Districts Separation Association organised an historic meeting in Brisbane to confirm that all the leading squatters of the Darling Downs district supported "the ultimate separation of the Northern districts of New South Wales". It took a further seven years for separation from New South Wales to be achieved and by this time Fairholme had returned to Scotland so did not witness the beginning of Queensland's independence in which he had played an embryonic role.

The explorer Ludwig Leichardt records that in 1844 he accompanied Fairholme on an expedition is search of fossil bones and to collect botanical specimens and the two men became friends. This friendship influenced Fairholme who went on to travel to the German cities described to him by Leichhardt. It was on this European expedition, a far cry from the Australian outback, that he met and married Baroness Pauline Poellnitz-Frankenberg in 1857 living for the rest of his life at the Castle of Wellenau in Austria, never to return to Australia.

Provenance: Rodney Davidson (Sale, Melbourne, July 2007, lot 500), with his bookplate.

Kerr, Dictionary of Australian Artists.

Price (AUD): $12,500.00  other currencies     Ref: #3812956

Condition Report