Manuscript Land Grant to Captain Edward Abbot[t]…
Manuscript Land Grant of 1300 acres in Cabramatta to Captain Edward Abbot[t]

Sydney: 1806.

Folio, single leaf manuscript, 300 x 344 mm, on vellum with original suspended paper seal.

Philip Gidley King grants land to a lieutenant in the New South Wales Corps

A fine land grant with a good example of Philip Gidley King's signature as the colony's third governor. King arrived in the colony in 1789 as a second lieutenant; Arthur Phillip acknowledged him "as an officer of merit... whose perseverance may be depended upon" when establishing the convict settlement on Norfolk Island. He stayed on Norfolk Island until 1799, and returned to Sydney on his appointment as governor but this demanding post weakened him. A young, energetic man on his arrival, by his departure in 1807 King was sick and prematurely aged.

A fine land grant with a good example of Philip Gidley King's signature as the colony's third governor. King arrived in the colony in 1789 as a second lieutenant; Arthur Phillip acknowledged him "as an officer of merit... whose perseverance may be depended upon" when establishing the convict settlement on Norfolk Island. He stayed on Norfolk Island until 1799, and returned to Sydney on his appointment as governor but this demanding post weakened him. A young, energetic man on his arrival, by his departure in 1807 King was sick and prematurely aged.

His first unpleasant job was to sack the preceding governor, John Hunter. Considered an able administrator and held in the highest esteem by men of the calibre of Joseph Banks, Arthur Phillip, Matthew Flinders and Nicholas Baudin, he was complained of by others in the colony for violent tempers. His early hopes faded fast as he became increasingly unsuccessful in his attempts to quell the New South Wales Corps, the notorious military monopoly that controlled trade, particularly in liquor.

This grant of land was made to Edward Abbott (1766-1832) who had arrived in Sydney in 1790 as a lieutenant in the New South Wales Corps. He was stationed on the Hawkesbury in 1795 after serving three years at Norfolk Island. Later promoted to captain, Abbott was invalided to England in 1796 but returned to Sydney in 1799 and by 1803 commanded a detachment at Parramatta. It was here on 4 March 1804 that he received warning of the uprising of convicts at Castle Hill and alerted his fellow officers in Sydney. Governor King quickly declared martial law on arriving at Parramatta.

In the ensuing struggles Major George Johnston with a force of mostly armed civilians, mounted troopers and some military personnel confronted more than twice as many convict rebels and successfully quelled the uprising, the victory largely due to Abbott's swift alert. Governor King granted this land to Abbott in acknowledgement.

The grant is also signed by the Secretary Garnham Blaxcell. Blaxcell, who arrived in Sydney in 1802, was a trader, a magistrate and for a time the colony's only auctioneer. Prospering in the early colony he became one of Sydney's richest merchants owning several properties and merchant ships.

Price (AUD): $4,400.00  other currencies     Ref: #4504561