Manuscript Land Grant to John Liddiard Nicholas in the District of Bathurst.

Manuscript Land Grant to John Liddiard Nicholas in the District of Bathurst.

Sydney: 31 October, 1815.

Folio; manuscript in ink on vellum, 262 x 445 mm.; with suspended paper seal.

To Marsden's fellow-traveller and author

An original grant of land made in the year that the road to Bathurst was officially opened. Bathurst was the first settlement to be opened west of the Great Dividing Range following Lawson, Blaxland, and Wentworth's successful crossing in 1813, and the completion of the road from Emu Plains by William Cox in January 1815 - one of the great achievements of the Macquarie era. In April of that year Macquarie travelled from Sydney over Cox's Road arriving at the Macquarie River in nine days. He then fixed "a site for the erection of a town at some future period", which he named Bathurst in honour of the Secretary of State for the Colonies.

An original grant of land made in the year that the road to Bathurst was officially opened. Bathurst was the first settlement to be opened west of the Great Dividing Range following Lawson, Blaxland, and Wentworth's successful crossing in 1813, and the completion of the road from Emu Plains by William Cox in January 1815 - one of the great achievements of the Macquarie era. In April of that year Macquarie travelled from Sydney over Cox's Road arriving at the Macquarie River in nine days. He then fixed "a site for the erection of a town at some future period", which he named Bathurst in honour of the Secretary of State for the Colonies.

This grant to John Liddiard Nicholas, one of the first to be proclaimed in the area, was for seven hundred acres of land "to be called Biggen Grange". Nicholas (1784-1868) had arrived in Sydney in October 1813. The following year he accompanied Samuel Marsden to New Zealand on his missionary visit on the Active, which resulted in the establishment of the first Christian mission to the Maoris and the first transfer of land to white men. His published account of this expedition (London, 1817) was well received and translated into Dutch and German.

One month after this grant Nicholas left the colony to return to England. He sold the land to Samuel Marsden for three hundred pounds. Ironically one of the witnesses to this grant was Macquarie's secretary, John Thomas Campbell, whose later criticism of Marsden for abuse of office was to cost him two hundred pounds in a civil libel suit. Nicholas was a fervent supporter of Marsden during this very public dispute. The other witness to the grant was Henry Antill, Macquarie's close friend and aide-de-camp. Antill was among the vice-regal party which opened the road to Bathurst.

This splendid grant is complete with Macquarie's great seal of the colony of New South Wales and bears a fine signature of the Governor.

Price (AUD): $6,400.00  other currencies     Ref: #4504527

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